If you were to inspect the Third Article of the U.S. Constitution it would read “The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Court as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.” From this statement the first U.S. court system was born in 1789. As time passed, our current court has varied from its original design, yet we still use the same justice system today. In honor of our country’s early development, Kajioka & Associates Attorneys At Law will share the early development of our country’s court system.
Judiciary Act of 1789 Established Which Kind of Legal System?
The Judiciary Act passed in the year 1789 with the first organized court system along with the first justice system. The Supreme Court was designed to consist of a Chief Justice along with five Associate Justices. In the beginning, they would meet in the nation’s capital. The very first Chief Justice who was appointed by George Washington was a man named John Jay. He served as the Chief Justice from September 26, 1789 until June 29, 1995. Serving with John Jay were the five appointed Associate Justices who were James Iredell, John Blair, James Wilson, William Cushing and John Rutledge.
What is the Highest Court in the Land Called?
The Judiciary Act of 1789 also helped outline the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court which encompassed the Appellate Jurisdiction along with federal statutes. Some additional conditions were implemented requiring the Supreme Court to serve on the U.S Circuit Courts. This provided the Supreme Court with the opportunity to learn the principals of a standard trial court and state courts. From 1789 to 1891 the Supreme Court had no control over which cases they would hear. However, that changed in 1891 wherein the Supreme Court was provided the right to appeal certain cases. While the Supreme Court was considered the highest court of the land, their administration was limited to federal court cases until 1934 when Congress gave the Supreme Court the responsibility of drafting rules for federal procedures.
How Many Circuit Courts are There?
The Judiciary Act served another purpose: it marked out the United States into three circuits which split the country into the Eastern States, the Middle States, and the Southern States. Each circuit had responsibility over their area. There were two Associate Justice Members who would be assigned to each circuit. The Associate Justices were give tasks of going to individual cities and performing combination courts with the district judges of the state. The Associate Justice members would then have to decide which federal and citizen case would then go to the Supreme Courts. As the states grew, the Supreme Court was involved in less court cases and left more court cases to the state judges. By the year 1911, the court system evolved to the more modern court system we know today. Today there are 13 appellate courts that sit below the U.S. Supreme Court, and they are called the U.S. Courts of Appeals
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The court system was created to give every man the proper ability to explain their actions and prove their innocence. The court system was intended to give a fair trial through the court system. For those seeking a proper defense, you will a knowledgeable Defense Attorney at your side. Kajioka & Associates Attorneys At Law provide assistance for Criminal Defense, Business Law, and Personal Injury cases. Contact Kajioka & Associates Attorneys At Law for your legal needs today.